Fair Use in Education and Research
Fair use offers an extraordinarily important opportunity for educators, researchers, and others to make reasonable and limited uses of copyrighted materials. Clipping, cutting, pasting, uploading, posting, and many other activities that are common at the university may be copyright infringements or may be within fair use. When do you need to think about fair use? Some example situations:
- Uploading materials to CourseWorks or another server.
- Clipping and copying materials into innovative teaching tools.
- Posting materials for distance learning.
- Developing databases of copyrighted works for research.
- Sharing articles and other materials with colleagues.
- Developing digital libraries.
- Placing copies on library reserves.
This section includes a variety of resources to help you determine if fair use applies to the ways in which you want to use copyrighted materials. See the following pages for information on:
Most recent revision: 081409
When making use of this page under the terms of the CC license, please include this form of attribution: "Used under a Creative Commons BY license from the Copyright Advisory Office of Columbia University, Kenneth D. Crews, director." If your needs for the material are outside the scope of the license, please consider fair use or simply asking us for permission.